Save the Swamps

Reasons Why Wetlands Should Be Conserved-Created by Zoe Ogline

What is Happening to Wetlands?

Wetlands are being removed by land development. Early in the 20th century, the biggest loss of wetlands happened for agricultural development. Eventually, urbanization and suburbanization began to increase and diminish wetland space even more. This is when the movement to conserve wetlands was based off of ecological and biological studies which supplied evidence to the ecosystem services wetlands provide to environments, people, and the world. By the 1980s, almost have of the wetland area in the lower 48 states was removed. As of 2005, restored and created wetlands, mainly on agricultural land, has exceeded losses (Duffey S18). However, there is a lot of work to be done to restore wetlands and prevent more from being removed for development.

Wetlands of the Lena Meijer Children's Garden at the Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park in Grand Rapids Township, Michigan. Photo courtesy of Michael Barera

Wetlands of the Lena Meijer Children’s Garden at the Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park in Grand Rapids Township, Michigan. Courtesy of Michael Barera.

 

Duffey Walter G., and Sharon N. Kahara. “Wetland Ecosystem Services in California’s Central Valley and Implications for the Wetland Reserve Program.” Ecological Applications 21, no. Sp1 (2011). Doi: 10.1890/09-1338.1.